Photo Credit: Pixabay/_freakwave/Used with permission
On December 31, 2019 a mysterious pneumonia outbreak struck dozens of people in the central city of Wuhan, Hubei province. Chinese scientists discovered a new coronavirus in 15 of the 27 patients with the illness. Since then, more than 5,974 people have been infected globally. The majority of the cases are located in China, but it has been spread to the United States, Japan, Australia, Canada, and France.
“It’s so scary to think like this virus blew up and spread so quickly out of what seems like nowhere,” said senior Alinna Aspiro.
— Mwangi main man🇰🇪🇰🇪 (@elias_242) January 30, 2020
According to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, coronaviruses are a large group of viruses that are common among animals. Some symptoms for the coronavirus involve sore throat, runny nose, cough, maybe a headache or possibly a fever that could last multiple days. Viruses can spread from human contact with animals.
“The fact that the symptoms of such a dangerous virus is the same as a simple head cold freaks me out. Most people who have these symptoms would think they are just catching a cold so that makes it lethal,” said junior Caroline Vanhorn.
Some people in China are taking no chances when it comes to personal protection against the coronavirus outbreak pic.twitter.com/ugykY9vQzq
— SCMP News (@SCMPNews) January 30, 2020
This coronavirus appears to have originated from a Wuhan seafood market where animals such as bats, camels, marmots, and rabbits are traded illegally. It is assumed that the first people infected with the disease contracted it from contact with the animals, specifically, bats as it appears.
Here’s what it’s like to live in Wuhan amid the coronavirus outbreak pic.twitter.com/nN1uQdtAan
— NowThis (@nowthisnews) January 30, 2020
China has endured the majority of the infections so far. On January 27, Chinese health authorities have confirmed 5,950 cases and 132 deaths. Besides China, Thailand has the highest number of cases with 14 testing positive. After Thailand is Hong Kong that has eight and the US, Macau, and Australia all have 5. In addition, Japan, Singapore, Malaysia, and South Korea each have reported four and France three. Canada and Vietnam have 2 reported cases while Germany, Nepal, and Cambodia each have confirmed a single case.
“It was scary to begin with that something like this is in China, but the fact that it is in the United States now and numerous other countries freaks me out,” said senior Natalia Fonseca.
— Australians flown home from Wuhan will be quarantined on an island
— Americans evacuated from Wuhan will be “temporarily housed” on an air base in California
— In South Korea, police have been empowered to detain people who refuse to be quarantinedhttps://t.co/5RaWKBlGuj
— The New York Times (@nytimes) January 30, 2020
On January 22 and 23, the World Health Organization met in order to decide whether or not to declare the outbreak of the coronavirus a public health emergency of international concern. Since 2009 there have only been five declarations of public health emergencies of international concern: the swine flu epidemic in 2009, a polio outbreak in 2014, the Zika outbreak in 2014, the Western Africa Ebola outbreak in 2014, and an another Ebola outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo in 2019.
“We are at an important juncture in this event [new #coronavirus outbreak]. We, as @WHO, believe that these chains of transmission can still be interrupted”-@DrMikeRyanhttps://t.co/4nM6cF0YYa https://t.co/FNhqqCiwhe
— World Health Organization (WHO) (@WHO) January 29, 2020
Although it has not been declared a public health emergency of international concern yet, there is still a chance it will. As of right now there has been limited evidence of human-to-human transmission outside of China, but evidence of sustained human-to-human outside of China would increase the chances of the WHO declaring an international public health emergency. The city of Wuhan in China is currently on lockdown with travel bans extended to the nearby cities of Huanggang and Ezhou.